Complete Concentration Required, Distracted Road Users Cause a Higher Risk of Accidents.
Anyone who makes phone calls or reads or sends text messages while driving a car is at a hugely increased risk of being involved in an accident, Says the accident researchers at Germanys DEKRA. In addition, pedestrians and cyclists distracted by their phones or using headphones are also in danger.
"When we're bored at home, distractions are more than welcome – but on the road, they're the last thing we need," warns DEKRA accident researcher Luigi Ancona. "The demands placed on us as road users are so complex that we must give it our undivided attention if we want to get home safely. Multitasking doesn't work in road transport situations, as we're very limited in our ability to do it. Our complete concentration is required at all times."
According to a study from the Allianz Center for Technology (AZT), inattentiveness is the cause of one in ten car accidents that result in an injury. This would mean that distracted driving results in more deaths than drink driving. However, this is not yet reflected in Germany's official statistics. Distracted driving (reported separately for the first time in the country in 2021) accounted for 2% of accidents resulting in personal injury, with 0.3% caused by electronic devices.
"We have to assume a very high number of unrecorded cases here," Ancona says. In a 2017 DEKRA Accident Research traffic survey, 7% of drivers were on average distracted by their cellphones at any given time.
Three seconds at 50 mph means driving blind for 220 feet
"Who would choose to close their eyes for several seconds while behind the wheel of a vehicle? Very few indeed, I think it's safe to say," says the DEKRA accident researcher. Still, many cannot resist the urge to check their messages while driving. "The effect is the same. If you're going at 30 mph and look at your phone for three seconds, you'll have travelled about 137 feet without looking. At 50 mph, it's around 220 feet.
An endless variety of activities can distract from the actual task of driving, including an attention-consuming phone call, reading and writing messages, talking to passengers, eating, drinking, smoking, attending to children in the back seat or pets inside the vehicle, or even using the navigation or audio system, often via a complex touch display.
"These are all problematic across the board, some more and some less," Ancona explains. "Any secondary activity that causes a driver to lose concentration on what's happening on the road creates a potential hazard – for themselves and for others," says the accident researcher.
This is also fully applicable to pedestrians and cyclists. In a collision, they usually risk much more severe injuries than the better-protected car occupants. For instance, people who read or write text messages while crossing the road are often unable to see essential cues from the traffic and cannot react appropriately.
And people wearing headphones underestimate the fact that we also need acoustic information and signals to help us safely navigate the road, whether from a car's horn, a streetcar's or cyclist's bell ringing, a rumbling engine, or an ambulance's siren. The accident researcher's recommendation is clear: "Always focus your full attention on what's happening on the road. That means not just keeping your eyes open, but your ears too!"
Distracted driving is one of the topics covered in the DEKRA Road Safety Report 2022 "Mobility of Young People". The entire report can be found online at www.dekra-roadsafety.com.