Baidu Receives Green Light to Demonstrate and Test Autonomous Driving, and Driverless Vehicle
Baidu, Inc, a leading AI company with a strong Internet foundation, received qualifications for 35 vehicles to demonstrate commercialized autonomous driving operations and qualifications for 10 vehicles to conduct driverless testing by Cangzhou traffic authorities. These qualifications will allow Baidu to be the first company in China to experiment with various monetization mechanisms for autonomous driving services, marking a landmark step on Baidu Apollo's road to commercialization.
With these qualifications, Baidu Apollo will be able to roll out commercialized demonstrations of its intelligent transportation services in Cangzhou and explore various mechanisms for charging customers, such as discounts, trial tickets, and voluntary payments from riders, for the first time by any autonomous driving company in China. In August 2020, Baidu opened the Apollo Go Robotaxi service in the downtown areas of Cangzhou, which has allowed people to hail a free robotaxi ride through their smartphone. In addition to bringing added convenience and safety to the people of Cangzhou, Baidu's robotaxis are intelligent electric vehicles that contribute to environmental protection by reducing carbon emissions.
The qualifications will also enable Baidu to test driverless vehicles in Cangzhou, the first company to receive this permission in the city. Baidu Apollo previously received this permission in Changsha and Beijing in September and December of 2020, respectively. Baidu is the first and only company approved to conduct open road driverless testing in the Chinese capital. Internationally, Baidu Apollo obtained permission in California to conduct driverless testing.
To obtain the Cangzhou qualifications, companies were required to complete a total of 50,000 kilometres of local testing on open roads, accompanied by safety drivers, while being responsible for zero accidents. As of March 1, 2021, Baidu's Cangzhou fleet accumulated 524,696 kilometres of total test mileage, with each car averaging 17,490 kilometres, a testament to the safety and reliability of Apollo-powered autonomous vehicles.
Baidu has been investing in autonomous driving since 2013, and Apollo is the world's leading open platform for autonomous driving, with more than 210 partners, 55,000 global developers, and 700,000 lines of open source code. To date, Baidu's Apollo fleet size has grown to 500 vehicles, which have conducted open road tests in nearly 30 cities worldwide, accumulating more than 7 million kilometres of testing. In China, Apollo has obtained 214 autonomous driving licenses, including 161 for carrying passengers. Baidu's Apollo Go Robotaxi service has now been opened in Beijing, Changsha, and Cangzhou, carrying more than 210,000 passengers, and plans to expand to 30 cities in the next three years.
In recent years, Cangzhou has been a leading city for the development of autonomous driving. It was the first city in northern China to carry out manned autonomous driving tests and has the third-largest intelligent-connected test road network in the country. With the latest news, Baidu Apollo and its ecosystem partners will continue to explore the development path of fully autonomous driving.